Delhi is the capital of India located in northern India.Delhi is spread over an area of 1484 sq, km,216 meters above sea level.The city of Delhi has a lot of historical significance,Many kings have ruled here, and their history in this city has not yet been erased.Delhi has a population of 14 million which is the second most populous city in India.In 1911, the capital of the British ruler was shifted from Kolkata to Delhi and after independence Delhi was declared the capital of India.Delhi was declared a Union Territory on 1 November 1956.Delhi was declared as the National Capital Territory of Delhi by the Parliament on 4 November 1991.
Historical Significance in delhi:
1) Jama Masjid:
Friends,the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan had seen the dream of such a huge mosque, only after seeing which one should make the heart of worshiping Allah.Shah Jahan wanted the mosque of Allah to be very high and just in front of his house.This mosque is situated on the very small hill named Bhojla, located right in front of the Red Fort,On 6 October 1650, the work of building the mosque started, It is 80 meters long and 27 meters wide, was built by 5000 laborers in 6 years.At that time, about ₹ 10 Lakh was spent in getting it built.
Jama Masjid is the oldest and largest mosque in India which was built by Shah Jahan.40 meters high Charminar is also present in this mosque.In the council of this mosque, 25000 people can offer Namaz together.The architecture of the Mughalian dynasty was built in its walls.Many ancient relics are also present in this mosque,Including a copy of the Quran which was written in the skin of Harin.
TIMING: Jama Masjid is open daily from 7:00 am to 12:00 pm and from 1:30 pm to 6:30 pm.
ENTRY FEE: no entry fee for entering jama masjid.
HOW TO REACH: jama masjid is located in Chandni Chowk, Delhi. it is walking distance from old Delhi railway station. and 4 km from New Delhi railway station.You can reach here by metro from New Delhi station. Metro fare is only ₹10.
2) Lotus Temple:
Lotus Temple was established in 1986, temple was constructed on 24 December 1986 but was opened to the general public on 1 January 1987.The Lotus Temple is such a unique temple where there is no idol and no religious rituals are performed here.Its structure has been made like a lotus flower which has now become a center of tourists attraction of Delhi.The structure of the lotus temple has also received many awards and it has also been reported in many newspapers and news channels.
Here a prayer is offered every hour for 5 minutes.The environment around the temple is very calm and clean which is suitable for meditation worship.
The Lotus Temple is known as the symbol of unity of all religions.The shape of this temple was kept like the shape of a lotus flower.Because lotus is considered a symbol of peace and purity.This temple has 9 entry points and is surrounded by 9 ponds.
TIMING: The Lotus Temple is closed every Monday and is open from 9:00 am to 5:30 pm in winters,And in summer it is open from 9:00 am to 7:00 pm everyday.
ENTRY FEE: no entry fee but need to toke special permission for photography and video graphy.
HOW TO REACH:The nearest metro station from Lotus Temple is Kalkaji Mandir Metro Station, the distance of Lotus Temple from Kalkaji Mandir Metro Station is just 1.1 kms.
3) Humayun Tomb:
This famous place of Delhi is located near the Purana qula. Which was built in the memory of Humayun by his Begum hamida Banu,It was design by Parsi architect Meerut Mirza at the behest of Hamida Banu.Apart from Humayun, there are about 150 tombs of the relatives of Mughal rulers in it. It also includes the tomb of emperor Babur.This tomb is the first tomb in the Indian subcontinent.
This tomb was built in 1565, 9 years after Humayun’s death.The Taj Mahal of Agra has also been built on the lines of this. This place is also included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.This place is surrounded by beautiful gardens from all sides which attracts many travellers.it also includes the tomb of Nai, which makes it more beautiful.
TIMING: 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. everyday.
ENTRY FEE: ₹ 50 for Indian citizen and ₹ 500 for foreign national.
HOW TO REACH: Jor Bagh metro station is the nearest metro station,It is just 10 kms away from Delhi Railway Station.
4) Raj Ghat:
Raj Ghat is the tomb of Mahatma Gandhi.This building is located in Mahatma Gandhi Marg near Yamuna river. hey Ram is written on the top of this building which was the last words of Mahatma Gandhi.Apart from the memorial of Mahatma Gandhi, you can also see the memorial of Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi and Lal Bahadur Shastri here.
TIMING: Rajghat open from 6:30 am to 6:00 pm
ENTRY FEE: Ramghat entry free for everyone.
HOW TO REACH: It is situated at a distance of just 4 kms from Delhi Railway Station. nearest metro station is Delhi gate metro station.
5) Qutub Minar:
Qutub Minar is located in the Mehrauli part of the south of Delhi, the capital of India.It is the tallest tower in the world made of red stones.Its height is 72.5 meters and the diameter of its base is 14.3 meters, which goes up to 2.75 meters.Qutub Minar was built in 1193 by Qutubuddin Aibak.It is made of light red and yellow stones. The verses of the Quran are written on it.This tower is also included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.There are about 379 steps in this tower.
TIMING: Qutub minar is open from 6:30 am to 6:00 pm every day.
ENTRY FEE: Qutub minar ticket price for indians is only 50 INR and and for foreigners it is 500 INR ,Red fort entry fee for light and sound show is 60 rupees.
HOW TO REACH: From Delhi station you can get Metro for Qutub Minar,The nearest metro station is qutub minar metro station.
6) India Gate:
India Gate is located in front of Rashtrapati Bhavan, near Lajpat Nagar, Delhi.It was constructed from 1921 to 1931 to pay tribute to the soldiers who died in the First World War.Its diameter is 625 meters. The area is 360000 square meters and the length is 42 meters.
Its structure has been inspired by the arch de triomphe of Paris.Red or yellow sandstone and granite were used to make India Gate.The names of the First World War and missing martyrs have been excavated in the wall of India Gate.
TIMING: india gate is open every time every day every week.
ENTRY FEE: Free from everyone.
HOW TO REACH: The nearest metro station is india gate is Barakhamba Road Metro Station.From Delhi station you can get Metro for India gate.
7) Gandhi Smriti:
Spread over 36 acres, this council is in front of Mahatma Gandhi’s Samadhi Raj Ghat.Earlier it used to be the home of the birla family. Mahatma Gandhi often used to camp here during his visit to Delhi. This is the same place where he was shot and he spent his last 144 days at this place. That is why in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi this place was declared in Gandhi Smriti.In this council, along with his personal belongings, his beautiful ideology has been preserved. Bapu is still alive in every corner of this council.
TIMING: gandhi Smriti is open from 6:30 am to 6:00 pm every day.
ENTRY FEE: Free from everyone.
HOW TO REACH: gandhi smriti is located infront of national collage of defence delhi,
8) Red Fort:
The Red Fort was built in 1648 by the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan as his palace,When he changed his capital from Agra to Delhi.The name of this fort is Red Fort because of its completely built of red colored stones.red and white is favourite colour of emperor and the credit for this construction goes to the architect Ustad Ahmed Lahauri who also designed the Taj Mahal.
The architecture of the Mughalian dynasty was built in its walls. It is Influenced by the fort of Salim Garh, this fort was built,Every year on independence day the Prime Minister of India hoists the flag here and give some speeches. a lot of people gather here in this time,Every day there is organised a sound and light show which depicts the history of Red Fort.
TIMING: It is open from 8 am to 6 pm,It is every day except Monday.
ENTRY FEE: Red fort ticket price for indians is only 50 rupees and and for foreigners it is 500 rupees,Red fort entry fee for light and sound show is 60 rupees.
HOW TO REACH: Red Fort is located on Netaji Subhash Chandra Marg and the nearest metro station is Chandni Chowk.You can reach here by metro from Delhi station. it is just 5 minutes away from Chandni Chowk metro station.
9) Purana Qila:
In 1539, Sher sa Suri, the founder of the Sur Raj dynasty, defeated the Mughal emperor Humayun in a battle. In the joy of this victory, Sher sa Suri built the old fort.Sirsa Suri had subdued the two Mughal centers of Delhi and Agra. The old fort was built to keep Delhi safe from the Mughals.After the death of Sher Shah Suri in 1545, it was occupied by the Mughal Emperor Humayun and its use was converted into an observatory and library.According to the old legend, Humayun died after falling from the steps of this fort. After that the Mughals had vacated this fort as if nothing else inauspicious happened to them.
TIMING: It is open from 7 am to 7 pm,It is every day.
ENTRY FEE: Purana qila ticket price for indians is only 40 rupees and and for foreigners it is 300 rupees.
HOW TO REACH: Pragati maidan metro station is the nearest metro station from purana qila.You can reach here by metro from Delhi station. it is just 1 kms away from Pragati maidan metro station.